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I am a history buff, love United States trivia, and always enjoy learning new things about this land we call home.  If you agree, perhaps there are some interesting things you will find below.  There is a lot of trivia for each state.  Enjoy reading!

Alabama:

~Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon.

~Baseball’s “Hank” Aaron was born in Mobile, AL in 1934.  Boxer Joe Louis was born in Lexington, AL in 1914.  Baseball’s Willie Mays was born in Westfield, AL in 1931.

~In 1995 Heather Whitestone, from Dothan, AL, was chosen as the first Miss America with a disability.

~Singer and entertainer Nat King Cole was born in Montgomery, AL in 1919.

Alaska:

~ Russian whalers and fur traders on Kodiak Island established the first settlement in Alaska in 1784.

~ In 1867 United States Secretary of State William H. Seward offered Russia $7,200,000, or two cents per acre, for Alaska.

~Alaska accounts for 25% of the oil produced in the United States.

~ The state of Rhode Island could fit into Alaska 425 times.

~ The Trans-Alaska Pipeline moves up to 88,000 barrels of oil per hour on its 800 mile journey to Valdez.

~ Nearly one-third of Alaska lies within the Arctic Circle.

Arizona:

~ Arizona leads the nation in copper production.

~ Arizona is home of the Grand Canyon National Park.

~ The amount of copper on the roof of the Capitol building is equivalent to 4,800,000 pennies.

~ Arizona observes Mountain Standard Time on a year round basis. The one exception is the Navajo Nation, located in the northeast corner of the state, which observes the daylight savings time change.

~ The battleship USS Arizona (sunk on December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor) was named in honor of the state.

~ Arizona, among all the states, has the largest percentage of its land set aside and designated as Indian lands.

Arkansas:

~ Arkansas contains 6 national park sites, 2-1/2 half million acres of national forests, 7 national scenic byways, 3 state scenic byways, and 50 state parks.

~ Since the 1830s the area now known as Hot Springs National Park has bathed notables as diverse as Franklin D. Roosevelt, Babe Ruth, and Al Capone.

~ Crater of Diamonds State Park allows dedicated prospectors to search for precious gems including diamonds, amethyst, garnet, jasper, agate, and quartz.

~ Country singer Johnny Cash was born in Kingsland, Arkansas.

~ Sam Walton founded his Wal-Mart stores in Bentonville, Arkansas.

~ WWII General Douglas MacArthur was born in Little Rock in 1880.

California:

~ In 1925 a giant sequoia located in California’s Kings Canyon National Park was named the nation’s national Christmas tree. The tree is over 300 feet in height.

~ More turkeys are raised in California than in any other state in the United States.

~ Located in Sacramento, the California State Railroad Museum is the largest museum of its kind in North America.

~ Totaling nearly three million acres, San Bernardino County is the largest county in the country.

~ Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge contains the largest winter population of bald eagles in the continental United States.

~ The Hollywood Bowl is the world’s largest outdoor amphitheater.

~Death Valley is recognized as the hottest, driest place in the United States.

~The first motion picture theater opened in Los Angeles on April 2, 1902.

~San Francisco Bay is considered the world’s largest landlocked harbor.

~Sequoia National Park contains the largest living tree. Its trunk is 102 feet in circumference.

~One out of every eight United States residents lives in California.

~It is estimated there are approximately 500,000 detectable seismic tremors in California annually.

~There are more than 300,000 tons of grapes grown in California annually.

~California produces more than 17 million gallons of wine each year.

~Some of the giant redwoods in Sequoia National Park are more than 2,000 years old.

Colorado:

~ Colorado is the only state in history, to turn down the Olympics (1976 Winter).

 ~ The world’s largest flat-top mountain is in Grand Mesa.

~ Denver lays claim to the invention of the cheeseburger.

~ The highest paved road in North America is the Road to Mt. Evans off of I-70 from Idaho Springs. The Road climbs up to 14,258 feet above sea level.

~ The United States federal government owns more than one-third of the land in Colorado.

~ Colorado contains 75% of the land area of the U.S. with an altitude over 10,000 feet.

~ Colfax Avenue in Denver is the longest continuous street in America.

~ The 13th step of the state capital building in Denver is exactly 1 mile high above sea level.

~ The Dwight Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel between Clear Creek & Summit counties is the highest auto tunnel in the world. It is 8,960 feet long.

~ Leadville is the highest incorporated city in the United States at 10,430 feet elevation.

~ Every year Denver hosts the world’s largest rodeo, the ‘Western Stock Show’.

~ Denver has the largest city park system in the nation with 205 parks in city limits and 20,000 acres of parks in the nearby mountains.

~ Dove Creek is the “Pinto Bean” capital of the world.

~ The tallest sand dune in America is in Great Sand Dunes National Monument outside of Alamosa. This bizarre 46,000-acre landscape of 700-foot sand peaks was the creation of ocean waters and wind more than one million years ago.

~ The World’s First Rodeo was held on July 4th, 1869 in Deer Trail.

~Colorado has the highest mean altitude of all the states.

~Mesa Verde features an elaborate four-story city carved in the cliffs by the Ancestral Pueblo people between 600 and 1300 A.D.

~The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad has been in continuous operation since 1881 and has appeared in more than a dozen movies including ‘How the West Was Won’ (1963) and ‘Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid’ (1969).

~The highest suspension bridge in the world (at a height of 1,053 feet over the Arkansas River) is over the Royal Gorge near Canon City.

~Colorado’s southwest corner borders Arizona, New Mexico and Utah the only place in America where the corners of four states meet.

~John Henry “Doc” Holliday’s brief and tumultuous existence led him to Glenwood Springs where he succumbed to tuberculosis and died at the Hotel Glenwood on November 8, 1887.

 Connecticut:

~ The USS Nautilus – the world’s first nuclear powered submarine was built in Groton in 1954.

 ~ The Scoville Memorial Library is the United States oldest public library. The library collection began in 1771.

~ Cattle branding in the United States began in Connecticut.

~ Connecticut is home to the first hamburger (1895), Polaroid camera (1934), helicopter (1939), and color television (1948).

~ The first automobile law was passed by the state of CT in 1901. The speed limit was set at 12 miles per hour.

~ In 1937, Connecticut became the first state to issue permanent license plates for cars.

~ In 1728, the first steel mill operating in America was located in Simsbury.

~ Wallingford has earned a worldwide reputation for the production of silverware.

~ West Hartford is the birthplace of Noah Webster, the author of the first dictionary published in 1807.

~ PEZ® Candy is made in the city of Orange.

Delaware:

~ Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution on December 7, 1787.

 ~Delaware is the only state without any National Park System units such as national parks, seashores, historic sites, battlefields, memorials, and monuments.

 ~The most historic site in Frederica is Barratt’s Chapel east of town. The chapel is where the Methodist Church of America was organized in 1784.

 ~Tradition holds the first time Betsy Ross’s famous flag was flown was at the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge.

 ~Eleven years after the landing of the English pilgrims the first white settlement was made on Delaware soil.

 ~Quaker merchant Thomas Garret is thought to be the model for a Quaker farmer in the novel, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.” Garret and famed abolitionist Harriett Tubman worked closely with Delaware’s anti-slavery forces.

 Florida:

~Saint Augustine is the oldest European settlement in North America.

~Orlando attracts more visitors than any other amusement park destination in the United States.

~ Florida is not the southernmost state in the United States. Hawaii is farther south.

~ The United States city with the highest rate of lightning strikes per capita is Clearwater.

~Gatorade was named for the University of Florida Gators where the drink was first developed.

~Key West has the highest average temperature in the United States.

~The Saint John’s River is one of the few rivers that flows north instead of south.

~Miami installed the first bank automated teller machine especially for rollerbladders.

~Plant City, the Winter Strawberry Capital of the World, holds the Guinness record for the world’s largest strawberry shortcake. The 827 square-foot, 6,000 pound cake was made on Feb. 19, 1999 in McCall Park.

~DeFuniak Springs is home to one of the two naturally round lakes in the world.

~When first completed in 1989 the Dame Point Bridge became the longest cable-stayed span in the United States, the longest concrete span of its type in the Western Hemisphere, and the third longest cable-stayed bridge in the world.

~The longest river sailboat race in the world is the Annual Mug Race. The event runs 42 miles from Palatka to Jacksonville along the St. Johns River.

~The Pinellas Trail, a 47 mile hiking/biking trail connecting St. Petersburg with Central and north Pinellas County, is the longest urban linear trail in the eastern United States.

 Georgia:

~ Historic Saint Mary’s, Georgia is the second oldest city in the nation.

~ The City of Savanna was the first steamship to cross the Atlantic. It sailed from Georgia.

~ The pirate Edward “Blackbeard” Teach made a home on Blackbeard Island. The United States Congress designated the Blackbeard Island Wilderness Area in 1975 and it now has a total of 3,000 acres.

~ Georgia was named for King George II of England.

~ Stone Mountain near Atlanta is one of the largest single masses of exposed granite in the world.

~ Georgia is the nation’s number one producer of the three P’s -peanuts, pecans, and peaches.

~ Each year Georgia serves as a host to the International Poultry Trade Show, the largest poultry convention in the world.

~ The oldest portable steam engine in the United States is on display at Historic Railroad Shops in Savannah.

~ Known as the sweetest onion in the world, the Vidalia onion can only be grown in the fields around Vidalia and Glennville.

~ Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River.

~ Coca-Cola was invented in May 1886 by Dr. John S. Pemberton in Atlanta, Georgia.

~ Berry College in Rome has the world’s largest college campus.

~ The Little White House in Warm Springs was the recuperative home of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

~ Marshall Forest in Rome is the only natural forest within a city limits in the United States.

~ The popular theme park – ‘Six Flags Over Georgia’, was actually named for six flags that flew over Georgia:  England, Spain, Liberty, Georgia, Confederate States of America, and the United States.

~ The name of the famous south Georgia swamp, the Okefenokee, is derived from an Indian word meaning the trembling earth.

~ The figures of Stonewall Jackson, Jefferson Davis, and Robert E. Lee make up the world’s largest sculpture. It is located on the face of Stone Mountain. Additionally Robert E. Lee’s horse, ‘Traveler,’ is also carved at the same place.

~ Savannah was the landing site for General James Edward Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia.

~ The world’s largest Infantry training center is located at Fort Benning.

Hawaii:

~ The state of Hawaii consists of eight main islands: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and the Big Island of Hawaii.

~ Hawaii is the most isolated population center on the face of the earth. Hawaii is 2,390 miles from California; 3,850 miles from Japan; 4,900 miles from China; and 5,280 miles from the Philippines.

~ More than one-third of the world’s commercial supply of pineapples comes from Hawaii.

~ From east to west Hawaii is the widest state in the United States.

~ Hawaii has its own time zone (Hawaiian Standard Time.) There is no daylight savings time. The time runs two hours behind Pacific Standard Time and five hours behind Eastern Standard Time.

~ Honolulu is the largest city in the world — it has the longest borders.

~ Kilauea volcano is the world’s most active.

~ The island is the worldwide leader in harvesting macadamia nuts and orchids.

Idaho:

~ Rexburg is home to Ricks College, the largest private two-year college in the nation.

~ In Idaho law forbids a citizen to give another citizen a box of candy that weighs more than 50 pounds. 

~ The city of Grace in the Gem Valley is most famous for their certified seed potatoes.

~ The Lewis & Clark Highway (United State Highway 12) is the shortest route from the midwest to the Pacific Coast and the longest highway within a national forest in the nation.

~ The Kamiah Valley is rich in the heritage and legends of the Nez Perce. It was here, among the ancestors of the present day Nez Perce, the Appaloosa horse was first bred, primarily for use as a war animal.

~ Hell’s Canyon is the deepest gorge in America.

~ Shoshone Falls, the Niagara of the West, spills over a 212-foot drop near Twin Falls.

~ Birds of Prey Wildlife Area is home to the world’s most dense population of nesting eagles, hawks, and falcons.

~ Rigby is known as the birthplace of television since it is Philo T. Farnsworth’s hometown. Farnsworth pioneered television technology.

~ Sun Valley is recognized as the home of America’s first destination ski resort.

~ Idaho ghost towns include Silver City, Yankee Fork, Gold Dredge, and the Sierra Silver Mine.

~ Seven Devils’ Peaks, one of the highest mountain ranges in Idaho, Includes Heaven’s Gate Lookout, where sightseers can look into four states.

Illinois:

~ Ottawa, Freeport, Jonesboro, Charleston, Galesburg, Quincy and Alton hosted the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates that stirred interest all over the country in the slavery issue.

~ The first Aquarium opened in Chicago, 1893.

~ The world’s first Skyscraper was built in Chicago, 1885.

~ Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery in 1865.

~ Des Plaines is home to the first McDonald’s.

~ Dixon is the boyhood home of President Ronald Reagan.

~ Springfield is the state capital and the home of the National Historic Site of the home of President and Mrs. Abraham Lincoln.

~ Chicago is home to the Chicago Water Tower and Pumping Station, the only buildings to survive the Great Chicago Fire.

~ The ice cream “sundae” was named in Evanston.

~ The worst prison camp during the Civil War in terms of percentages of death was at Rock Island.

~ Illinois boasts the highest number of personalized license plates, more than any other state.

~ The abbreviation “ORD” for Chicago’s O’Hare airport comes from the original name Orchard Field. O’Hare Airport was named in honor of Lieutenant Commander Edward H. “Butch” O’Hare.

~ The first birth on record in Chicago was of Eulalia Pointe du Sable, daughter of Jean-Baptiste Pointe du Sable and his Potawatomi Indian wife in 1796.

~ The first animal purchased for the Lincoln Park Zoo was a bear cub, bought for $10 on June 1st, 1874.

~ New York Sun editor Charles Dana, tired of hearing Chicagoans boast of the world’s Columbian Exposition, dubbed Chicago the “Windy City.”

~ The Chicago River is dyed green on Saint Patrick’s Day.

Indiana:

~ The Indianapolis 500 is held every Memorial Day weekend; the race is 200 laps or 500 miles long.

~ Abraham Lincoln moved to Indiana when he was 7 years old. He lived most of his boyhood life in Spencer County with his parents Thomas and Nancy.

~ Explorers Lewis and Clark set out from Fort Vincennes on their exploration of the Northwest Territory.

~ Marcella Gruelle of Indianapolis created the Raggedy Ann doll in 1914.

~ The first professional baseball game was played in Fort Wayne on May 4, 1871.

~ Actor James Dean was born February 8, 1941, in Marion.

~ “Late Show” host David Letterman was born April 12, 1947, in Indianapolis.

~ Santa Claus, Indiana receives over one half million letters and requests at Christmas time.

~ Indiana was part of the huge Northwest Territory, which included present day Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin, which were ceded to the United States by the British at the end of the Revolutionary war.

~ Indiana University’s greatest swimmer was Mark Spitz, who won 7 gold medals in the 1972 Olympic games.

~ In 1934 Chicago Gangster John Dillinger escaped the Lake Country Jail in Crown Point by using a “pistol” he had carved from a wooden block.

~ In 1862, Richard Gatling, of Indianapolis, invented the rapid-fire machine gun.

~ Comedian Red Skelton was born in Vincennes.

Iowa

~Ripley’s Believe It or Not has dubbed Burlington’s Snake Alley the most crooked street in the world.

~Strawberry Point is the home of the world’s largest strawberry.

~Imes Bridge is the oldest of Madison County’s six bridges.

~The Holliwell Bridge is the longest bridge in Madison County.

~Fenlon Place Elevator in Dubuque is the world’s steepest and shortest railway.

~Quaker Oats, in Cedar Rapids, is the largest cereal company in the world.

~Cornell College is the only school in the nation to have its entire campus listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

~The Sergeant Floyd Monument in Sioux City honors the only man to die during the Lewis and Clark expedition.

~President Herbert Hoover was born in West Branch.

~Former First Lady Mamie Doud Eisenhower’s birthplace is located in Boone.

~Actor John Wayne (born Marion Robert Morrison) was born in Winterset.

~Orchestra leader Glenn Miller was born in Clarinda located in Southwest Iowa.

~The town of Fort Atkinson was the site of the only fort ever built by the U.S. government to protect one Indian tribe from another.

~“Winnebago” campers and motor homes are manufactured in Winnebago County.

~Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are 100% formed by water…the Missouri and Mississippi rivers.

Kansas

~At one time it was against the law to serve ice cream on cherry pie in Kansas.

~The first black woman to win an Academy Award was Kansan Hattie McDaniel for her role in “Gone with the Wind.”

~Kansas inventors include Almon Stowger of El Dorado who invented the dial telephone in 1889; William Purvis and Charles Wilson of Goodland who invented the helicopter in 1909; and Omar Knedlik of Coffeyville who invented the first frozen carbonated drink machine in 1961.

~Smith County is the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states.

~Aviator Amelia Earhart was from Atchison.

~President Dwight D. Eisenhower is from Abilene.

~Silent film comedian Buster Keaton was from Piqua, Kansas.

~Fort Riley, between Junction City and Manhattan, was the cradle of the United States Cavalry for 83 years. George Custer formed the famed 7th Cavalry there in 1866.

~Wyatt Earp, James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok and William B. “Bat” Masterson were three of the legendary lawmen of Abilene, Dodge City, Ellsworth, Hays, and Wichita.

~Barton County is the only Kansas County that is named for a woman; the famous volunteer Civil War nurse Clara Barton.

~A monument to the first Christian martyr on United States Territory stands along Highway 56 near Lyons. Father Juan de Padilla came to the region with the explorer Coronado in 1541.

~Fire Station No. 4 in Lawrence, originally a stone barn constructed in 1858, was a station site on the Underground Railroad.

~The Hugoton Gas Field is the largest natural gas field in the United States. It underlies all or parts of 10 southwestern Kansas counties as well as parts of Oklahoma and Texas. The gas field underlies almost 8,500 square miles, an area nearly 5 times as large as the state of Rhode Island.

~Kansas has the largest population of wild grouse (commonly called the “prairie chicken”) in North America.

~The graham cracker was named after the Reverend Sylvester Graham (1794-1851).

~The world famous fast-food chain of Pizza Hut restaurants opened its first store in Wichita.

Kentucky

~The town of Murray is home to the Boy Scouts of America Scouting Museum.

~The Kentucky Derby, held at Churchill Downs, is the oldest continuously held horse race in the country.

~The Bluegrass Country around Lexington is home to some of the world’s finest racehorses.

~Chevrolet Corvettes are manufactured in Bowling Green.

~Mammoth Cave is the world’s longest cave and was first promoted in 1816, making it the second oldest tourist attraction in the United States.

~The first Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant owned and operated by Colonel Sanders is located in Corbin.

~Abraham Lincoln, President of the Union, and Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy, were both born in Kentucky less than one hundred miles and one year apart.

~More than 100 native Kentuckians have been elected governors of other states.

~The song “Happy Birthday to You” was the creation of two Louisville sisters in 1893.

~Teacher Mary S. Wilson held the first observance of Mother’s Day in Henderson in 1887. It was made a national holiday in 1916.

~Pikeville annually leads the nation in per capita consumption of Pepsi-Cola.

~Post-It Notes are manufactured exclusively in Cynthiana.

~Daniel Boone and his wife, Rebecca, are buried in the Frankfort Cemetery. Their son, Isaac, is buried at Blue Licks Battlefield near Carlisle where he was killed in the last battle of the Revolutionary War fought in Kentucky.

~The public saw an electric light for the first time in Louisville.

~The first enamel bathtub was made in Louisville in 1856.

~In the War of 1812 more than half of all Americans killed in action were Kentuckians.

~Middlesboro is the only city in the United States built within a meteor crater.

~The brass plate embedded in the sidewalk at the corner of Limestone and Main Street in downtown Lexington is a memorial marker honoring Smiley Pete. The animal was known as the town dog in Lexington. He died in 1957.

~More than $6 billion worth of gold is held in the underground vaults of Fort Knox.

~The swimsuit Mark Spitz wore in the 1972 Olympic Games was manufactured in Paris, Kentucky.

~Frederick Vinson who was born in Louisa is the only Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court known to be born in jail.

~Pike County the world’s largest producer of coal is famous for the Hatfield-McCoy feud, an Appalachian vendetta that lasted from the Civil War to the 1890s.

Louisiana

~The world famous “Mardi Gras” is celebrated in New Orleans.

~The Battle of New Orleans, which made Andrew Jackson a national hero, was fought two weeks after the War of 1812 had ended and more than a month before the news of the war’s end had reached Louisiana.

~Louisiana was named in honor of King Louis XIV.

~Louisiana is the only state in the union that does not have counties. Its political subdivisions are called parishes.

~Metairie is home to the longest bridge over water in the world, the Lake Pontchartrain causeway which is 24 miles long.

~In Louisiana, biting someone with your natural teeth is considered a simple assault, but biting someone with your false teeth is considered an aggravated assault.

~Between April 17, 1862 and May 18, 1864 twenty major Civil War battles and engagements were fought on Louisiana soil.

~In 1803 the United States paid France $15 million for the Louisiana Territory. The lands acquired stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border. Thirteen states were carved from the Louisiana Territory. The Louisiana Purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States.

~The town of Jean Lafitte was once a hideaway for pirates.

~Jim Bowie, the legendary adventurer and hero of the Battle of the Alamo, lived in Opelousas after moving there from Kentucky.

Maine

~Eastport is the most eastern city in the United States. The city is considered the first place in the United States to receive the rays of the morning sun.

~Maine is the only state that shares its border with only one other state.

~Joshua L. Chamberlain born in Brewer received the only battlefield promotion to General during the Civil War. He was also the last Civil War soldier to die of wounds incurred in the War.

~Approximately 40 million pounds (nearly 90 %) of the nation’s lobster supply is caught off the coast of Maine.

~Maine produces 99% of all the blueberries in the country making it the single largest producer of blueberries in the United States.

~Maine’s earliest inhabitants were descendants of Ice Age hunters.

~West Quoddy Head is the most easterly point in the United States.

~Augusta is the most eastern capital city in the United States.

~90% of the country’s toothpick supply is produced in Maine.

~Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born in Portland.

~Freeport is the home to the L.L. Bean Company.

~With a total area of 33,215 square miles, Maine covers nearly as many square miles as the other five New England states combined.

~The first naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought off Machias in 1775.

Maryland:

~ The United States Naval Academy was founded on October 10, 1845 at Annapolis.

~ In 1830 the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company built the first railroad station in Baltimore.

~ King Williams School opened in 1696 and was the first school in the United States.

~ The first dental school in the United States opened at the University of Maryland.

~ Baseball slugger Babe Ruth was born in Baltimore.

~ America’s national anthem was written by Francis Scott Key, a Maryland lawyer, while watching the bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor on September 14, 1814.

~ Since May 30th, 1949 the United States flag has flown continuously over the monument marking the site of Francis Scott Key’s birthplace.

~ Samuel F.B. Morse reportedly received the first telegraph message in Bladensburg in 1844.

~ Maryland was first to enact Workmen’s compensation laws in 1902.

~ Maryland gave up some of its land to form Washington D.C.

Massachusetts:

~ 552 original documents pertaining to the Salem witch trials of 1692 have been preserved and are still stored by the Peabody Essex Museum.

~ Boston built the first subway system in the United States in 1897.

~ Norfolk County is the birthplace of four United States presidents: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John Fitzgerald Kennedy and George Herbert Walker Bush.

~ The Fig Newton was named after Newton, Massachusetts.

~ The visible portion of Plymouth Rock is a lumpy fragment of glacial moraine about the size of a coffee table, with the date 1620 cut into its surface. It is now at rest near the head of Plymouth Harbor.

~ The first U.S. Postal zip code in Massachusetts is 01001 at Agawam.

~ The birth control pill was invented at Clark University in Worcester.

~ Harvard was the first college established in North America and was founded in 1636.

~ John Adams and John Quincy Adams are buried in the crypt at the United First Parish Church in Quincy.

~ The Pilgrim National Wax Museum in Plymouth is the only wax museum devoted entirely to the Pilgrim’s story.

~ The Boston Tea Party reenactment takes place in Boston Harbor every December 16th.

~ The 3rd Monday in April is a legal holiday in Massachusetts called Patriot’s Day.

~ The USS Constitution ‘Old Ironsides’, the oldest fully commissioned vessel in the US Navy is permanently berthed at Charlestown Navy Yard.

~ The official state dessert of Massachusetts is Boston cream pie.

Michigan:

~ Although Michigan is often called the “Wolverine State” there are no longer any wolverines in Michigan.

~ Detroit is known as the car capital of the world.

~ The Packard Motor Car Company in Detroit manufactured the first air-conditioned car in 1939.

~ The Mackinac Bridge is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world. It spans 5 miles over the Straits of Mackinac, which is where Lake Michigan and Lake Huron meet.

~Former President Gerald R. Ford grew up in Grand Rapids.

~ The Kellogg Company has made Battle Creek the Cereal Capital of the World.

~ Vernors ginger ale was created in Detroit and became the first soda pop made in the United States.

~ Michigan has the longest freshwater shoreline in the world.  It has more shoreline than any other state except Alaska.

~ Standing anywhere in the state a person is within 85 miles of one of the Great Lakes.

~ Sault Ste. Marie was established in 1668 making it the oldest town between the Alleghenies and the Rockies.

~ Four flags have flown over Michigan – French, English, Spanish and United States.

Minnesota:

~ The Mall of America in Bloomington is the size of 78 football fields — 9.5 million square feet.

~ The St. Lawrence Seaway opened in 1959 allowing oceangoing ships to reach Duluth.

~ Minneapolis has more golfers per capita than any other city in the country.

~ Minnesota has 90,000 miles of shoreline, more than California, Florida and Hawaii combined.

~ The nation’s first Better Business Bureau was founded in Minneapolis in 1912.

~ The first open heart surgery and the first bone marrow transplant in the United States were done at the University of Minnesota.

~ Rochester is home of the world famous Mayo Clinic.

~ The stapler was invented in Spring Valley.

~ In 1919 a Minneapolis factory turned out the nation’s first armored cars.

~ Candy maker Frank C. Mars of Minnesota introduced the Milky Way candy bar in 1923. Mars marketed the Snickers bar in 1930 and introduced the 5 cent Three Musketeers bar in 1937.

~ Minnesota has one recreational boat per every six people, more than any other state.

~ Author Laura Ingalls Wilder lived on Plum Creek near Walnut Grove.

~ Polaris Industries of Roseau invented the snowmobile.

Mississippi:

~ Borden’s Condensed Milk was first canned in Liberty.

~ In 1902 while on a hunting expedition in Sharkey County, President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt refused to shoot a captured bear. This act resulted in the creation of the world-famous teddy bear.

~ Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, on January 8, 1935.

~ The first nuclear submarine built in the south was produced in Mississippi.

~ Friendship Cemetery in Columbus has been called Where Flowers Healed a Nation. It was April 25, 1866, and the Civil War had been over for a year when the ladies of Columbus decided to decorate both Confederate and Union soldiers’ graves with beautiful bouquets and garlands of flowers. As a direct result of this kind gesture, Americans celebrate what has come to be called Memorial Day each year, an annual observance of recognition of war dead.

~ After the Civil War, famed hat maker John B. Stetson learned and practiced his trade at Dunn’s Falls near Meridian.

~ The first football player on a Wheaties box was Walter Payton of Columbia.

~ The Vicksburg National Cemetery is the second largest national cemetery in the country. Arlington National Cemetery is the largest.

~ Mississippi suffered the largest percentage of people who died in the Civil War of any Confederate State.

~ Pine Sol was invented in 1929 by Jackson native Harry A. Cole, Sr.

~ Root beer was invented in Biloxi in 1898 by Edward Adolf Barq, Sr.

Missouri:

~Missouri is known as the “Show Me” State.

~The first successful parachute jump to be made from a moving airplane was made by Captain Berry at St. Louis, in 1912.

~The most destructive tornado on record occurred in Annapolis. In 3 hours it tore through the town on March 18, 1925 leaving a 980-foot wide trail of demolished buildings, uprooted trees, and overturned cars. It left 823 people dead and almost 3,000 injured.

~At the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904, Richard Blechyden, served tea with ice and invented iced tea. Also, at the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904, the ice cream cone was invented.

~Kansas City has more miles of boulevards than Paris and more fountains than any city except Rome.

~Jefferson National Expansion Memorial consists of the Gateway Arch, the Museum of Westward Expansion, and St. Louis’ Old Courthouse. Construction of the Arch began in 1963 and was completed on October 28, 1965. It has foundations sunken 60 feet into the ground and is built to withstand earthquakes and high winds. It sways up to one inch in a 20 mph wind and is built to sway up to 18 inches.

~Aunt Jemima pancake flour was invented in 1889 at St. Joseph, Missouri.

~The tallest man in documented medical history was Robert Pershing Wadlow from St. Louis. He was 8 feet, 11.1 inches tall.

~During Abraham Lincoln’s campaign for the presidency, a dyed-in-the-wool Democrat named Valentine Tapley from Pike County, Missouri, swore that he would never shave again if Abe were elected. Tapley kept his word and his chin whiskers went unshorn from November 1860 until he died in 1910, attaining a length of twelve feet six inches.

~President Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, May 8, 1884.

~Jefferson City, Missouri, the state’s capital, was named for Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States.

~In 1865 Missouri became the first slave state to free its slaves.

Montana:

~Montana has the largest migratory elk herd in the nation.

~The state boasts the largest breeding population of trumpeter swans in the lower United States.

~At the Rocky Mountain Front Eagle Migration Area west of Great Falls more golden eagles have been seen in a single day than anywhere else in the country.

~The average square mile of land contains 1.4 elk, 1.4 pronghorn antelope, and 3.3 deer.

~46 out of Montana’s 56 counties are considered “frontier counties” with an average population of 6 or fewer people per square mile.

~Montana is the only state with a triple divide allowing water to flow into the Pacific, Atlantic, and Hudson Bay.

~Miles City is known as the Cowboy Capitol.

~Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana and northern Wyoming was the first national park in the nation.

~The town of Ekalaka was named for the daughter of the famous Sioux chief, Sitting Bull.

~Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states.

~Virginia City was founded in 1863 and is considered to be the most complete original town of its kind in the United States.

~The density of the state is six people per square mile.

~The most visited place in Montana is Glacier National Park.

~The ‘Little Bighorn Battlefield’ is located just south of Billings where Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and the 7th Calvary made their last stand.

~The first inhabitants of Montana were the Plains Indians. Montana is home to seven Indian reservations.

~The Going to the Sun Road in Glacier Park is considered one of the most scenic drives in America.

~In Montana the elk, deer and antelope populations outnumber the humans.

Nebraska:

~In 1927, Edwin E. Perkins of Hastings invented the powered soft drink Kool-Aid.

~Nebraska is the birthplace of the Reuben sandwich.

~Nebraska has the U.S.’s largest aquifer (underground lake/water supply), the Ogalala aquifer.

~Nebraska has more miles of river than any other state.

~Nebraska was the first state to complete its segment of the nations mainline interstate system, a 455 mile stretch of four lane highway.

~Nebraska’s Chimney rock was the most often mentioned landmark in journal entries by travelers on the Oregon Trail.

~The 911 system of emergency communications, now used nationwide, was developed and first used in Lincoln, Nebraska.

~The largest porch swing in the world is located in Hebron, Nebraska and it can sit 25 adults.

~Buffalo Bill Cody held his first rodeo in North Platte, Nebraska July 4, 1882.

~Sidney, Nebraska was the starting point of the Black Hills Gold Rush.

~Father Edward Flanagan founded Boys Town in Omaha, Nebraska in 1917.

Nevada:

~Bugsy Siegel named his Las Vegas casino “The Flamingo” for the long legs of his showgirl sweetheart, Virginia Hill.

~While Samuel Clemens took the pen-name “Mark Twain” as a reporter working for the “Territorial Enterprise,” he began his writing career as a reporter in the midwest some years before moving to Virginia City in 1862.

~In 1931 the Pair-O-Dice Club was the first casino to open on Highway 91, the future Las Vegas Strip.

~In March 1931 Governor Fred Balzar signed into law the bill legalizing gambling in the state.

~In Tonopah the young Jack Dempsey was once the bartender and the bouncer at the still popular Mispah Hotel and Casino. Famous lawman and folk hero Wyatt Earp once kept the peace in the town.

~Nevada is the largest gold-producing state in the nation. It is second in the world behind South Africa.

~Hoover Dam, the largest single public works project in the history of the United States, contains 3.25 million cubic yards of concrete, which is enough to pave a two-lane highway from San Francisco to New York.

~Nevada is the only state with an entire museum devoted to the life and time of entertainer Liberace.

~Camels were used as pack animals in Nevada as late as 1870.

~Las Vegas has more hotel rooms than any other place on earth.

New Hampshire:

~Of the thirteen original colonies, New Hampshire was the first to declare its independence from Mother England — a full six months before the Declaration of Independence was signed.

~Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr., the first American to travel in space, is from East Derry, New Hampshire.

~Levi Hutchins of Concord invented the first alarm clock in 1787.

~Daniel Webster was a politician and statesman, born at Franklin in 1782.

~New Hampshire’s State House is the oldest state capitol in which a legislature still meets in its original chambers.

~Alexandria was the birthplace of Luther C. Ladd, the first enlisted soldier to lose his life in the Civil War.

~Dover was settled in 1623. It is the oldest permanent settlement in New Hampshire.

~The Christa McAuliffe Planetarium in Concord is a state-of-the art planetarium dedicated to the memory of New Hampshire teacher Christa McAuliffe, who died in the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.

~As leaders in the revolutionary cause, New Hampshire delegates received the honor of being the first to vote for the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.

~Sarah Josepha Hale author and journalist who wrote the poem “Mary Had a Little Lamb” in 1830 is from Newport, New Hampshire.

~The granite profile “Old Man of the Mountain” is one of the most famous natural landmarks in the state.

~Captain John Smith named New Hampshire after the town of Hampshire, England.

New Mexico:

~ Santa Fe is the highest capital city in the United States at 7,000 feet above sea level.

~ The province that was once Spanish New Mexico included all of present day New Mexico, most of Colorado and Arizona, and slices of Utah, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Wyoming. The Original American Territory of New Mexico that congress created in 1850 included all of New Mexico and Arizona plus parts of Colorado, Nevada, and Utah. The boundaries of present day New Mexico were drawn by congress in 1863 but New Mexico didn’t become a state until 1912.

~ Each October Albuquerque hosts the world’s largest international hot air balloon fiesta.

~ The Rio Grande is New Mexico’s longest river and runs the entire length of New Mexico.

~ The world’s first Atomic Bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945 on the White Sands Testing Range near Alamogordo. North of the impact point a small placard marks the area known as Trinity Site. The bomb was designed and manufactured in Los Alamos.

~ White Sands National Monument is a desert, not of sand, but of gleaming white gypsum crystals.

~ Hatch is known as the “Green Chile capital of the world”.

~ New Mexico is one of the four corner states; bordering at the same point with Colorado, Utah and Arizona.

~ The Palace of Governors in Santa Fe, built in 1610, is one of the oldest public buildings in America.

~ More than 25,000 Anasazi sites have been identified in New Mexico by archeologists. The Anasazi, an amazing civilization who were the ancestors of the Pueblo, where around for 1300 years. Their great classical period lasted from 1100-1300 AD.

~ In 1950 the little cub that was to become the National Fire Safety symbol ‘Smokey the Bear’ was found trapped in a tree when his home in Lincoln National Forest was destroyed by fire. In 1963, in Smokey’s honor, the New Mexican legislature chose the black bear to be the official state animal.

~ The Navajo, the Nation’s largest Native American Group, have a reservation that covers 14 million acres.

~ New Mexico has far more sheep and cattle than people. There are only about 12 people per square mile.

~ Since New Mexico’s climate is so dry 3/4 of the roads are left unpaved. The roads don’t wash away.

~ During the height of the so-called lawless era of the late 1800′ when Lew Wallace served as territorial Governor, he wrote the popular historical novel Ben-Hur. First published in 1880, it was made into a movie in 1959 starring Charleton Heston.

~ Cimarron was once known as the “Cowboy capital of the world”. Some of the old west’s most famous names, such as Kit Carson and “Buffalo Bill” Cody lived there. A quote from the Las Vegas Gazette illustrates how lawless Cimarron was. “Everything is quiet in Cimarron. Nobody has been killed in 3 days.”

~ Roswell the states 4th largest city was founded in 1869 when a professional gambler established a lone store on the cattle trail.

~ Tens of thousands of bats live in the Carlsbad Caverns. The largest chamber of Carlsbad Caverns is more than 10 football fields long and about 22 stories high.

~ New Mexico’s capital city Santa Fe is the ending point of the 800 mile Santa Fe Trail.

~ Native Americans have been living in New Mexico for some twenty thousand years. The Pueblo, Apache, Comanche, Navajo, and Ute peoples were in the New Mexico region when Spanish settlers arrived in the 1600s.

~ On the same desert grounds where today’s space age missiles are tested, ten-thousand-year-old arrowheads have been found.

New York:

~ The Woodstock Music and Arts Fair was actually held in Bethel.

~ Dairying is New York’s most important farming activity with over 18,000 cattle and or calves farms.

~ New York City has 722 miles of subway track.

~ Chittenango is the home of L. Frank Baum, author of the “Wizard of Oz”.

~ The first capital of the United States was New York City. In 1789 George Washington took his oath as president on the balcony at Federal Hall.

~ Sam Wilson, a meatpacker from Troy who’s caricature Uncle Sam came to personify the United States is buried at Troy’s Oakwood Cemetery. During the War of 1812, he stamped “U.S. Beef” on his products which soldiers interpreted the U.S. abbreviation as meaning Uncle Sam.

~ On July 28, 1945 an Army Air Corps B-25 crashed into the Empire State Building at the 79th floor level.

~ European settlers who brought seeds to New York introduced apples in the 1600s.

~ The Big Apple is a term coined by musicians meaning to play the big time.

~ The first Eagle Scout was Arthur R. Eldred from Troop 1 in Oceanside. He was bestowed the honor in May 1912.

~ Joseph C. Gayetty of New York City invented toilet paper in 1857.

~ The oldest cattle ranch in the US was started in 1747 at Montauk on Long Island.

~ New York was the first state to require license plates on cars.

~ Washington’s Headquarters State Historic Site in Newburgh was the first publicly owned historic site.

~ New York has over 70,000 miles of rivers and streams.

~ Horseheads is the first and only village in the United States dedicated to the service of the American military horse.

New Jersey:

~ New Jersey has the highest population density in the U.S. An average 1,030 people per sq. mi., which is 13 times the national average.

~ New Jersey has the highest percent urban population in the U.S. with about 90% of the people living in an urban area.

~ New Jersey has the most diners in the world and is sometimes referred to as the diner capital of the world.

~ The light bulb, phonograph (record player), motion picture projector were invented by Thomas Edison in his Menlo Park laboratory.

~ Atlantic City has the longest boardwalk in the world.

~ The first Indian reservation was in New Jersey.

~ The first Drive-In Movie theatre was opened in Camden.

~ New Jersey has 108 toxic waste dumps, the most in any one state in the nation.

~ Tourism is the second-largest industry in New Jersey.

North Carolina:

~ The University of North Carolina Chapel Hill is the oldest State University in the United States.

~ In 1903 the Wright Brothers made the first successful powered flight by man at Kill Devil Hill near Kitty Hawk.

~ High Point is known as the Furniture Capital of the World.

~ Whitewater Falls in Transylvania County is the highest waterfall in the eastern United States.

~ North Carolina is the largest producer of sweet potatoes in the nation.

~ The first English colony in America was located on Roanoke Island. Walter Raleigh founded it. The colony mysteriously vanished with no trace except for the word “Croatoan” scrawled on a nearby tree.

~ Krispy Kreme Doughnut was founded in Winston-Salem.

~ The first miniature golf course was built in Fayetteville.

~ The first miniature golf course was built in Fayetteville.

~ The Biltmore Estate in Ashville is America’s largest home, and includes a 255-room chateau, an award-winning winery and extensive gardens.

~ The first English child born in America was born in Roanoke in 1587. Her name was Virginia Dare.

~ Many people believe that North Carolina was the first state to declare independence from England with the Mecklenburg Declaration of 1775.

~ Pepsi was invented and first served in New Bern in 1898.

~ Beech Mountain is Eastern America’s highest town at 5,506ft above sea level.

~ Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States, was born in the Waxsaws area on the border of North and South Carolina.

~ James K. Polk, born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, was the eleventh President of the United States.

~ Andrew Johnson started his career as a tailor’s apprentice in Raleigh, North Carolina and rose to lead in the reuniting of the nation as the seventeenth President of the United States.

~ North Carolina leads the nation in furniture, tobacco, brick, and textile production.

~ The town of Wendell town was named for the American writer, Oliver Wendell Holmes.

North Dakota:

~ The town of Rugby is the geographical center of North America.

~ North Dakota passed a bill in 1987 making English the official state language.

~ When Dakota Territory was created in 1861 it was named for the Dakota Indian tribe. Dakota is a Sioux word meaning friends or allies.

~ Sitting Bull Burial State Historic Site located on the western edge of Fort Yates marks the original grave of the Hunkpapa Sioux leader.

~ North Dakota grows more sunflowers than any other state.

~ Lawrence Welk left his home in Strasburg on his birthday in 1924 to pursue his musical career.

~ The Lewis and Clark expedition encountered their first grizzly (brown) bears in North Dakota.

~ The piles of rock on White Butte, North Dakota’s highest point, are known of as rock johnnies or sheepherder’s monuments and according to legend were piled there by sheepherders as a way to pass the time while they tended their flocks.

~ Fort Union Trading Post was the principal fur-trading depot in the Upper Missouri River region from 1829 to 1867.

Ohio:

~ The first ambulance service was established in Cincinnati in 1865.

~ Cleveland boasts America’s first traffic light. It began on Aug. 5, 1914.

~ Ermal Fraze invented the pop-top can in Kettering.

~ James J. Ritty, of Dayton, invented the cash register in 1879.

~ “Hang On Sloopy” is the official state rock song.

~ The Cincinnati Reds were the first professional baseball team.

~ Akron was the first city to use police cars.

~ Cincinnati had the first professional city fire department.

~ Akron is the rubber capital of the world.

~ Ohio senator John Glenn became the oldest man to venture into outer space.On February 20, 1962 he was the first American to orbit the earth. In October of 1998 at age 77 he returned to the space program and traveled back into space.

~ Cleveland is home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

~ The Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton.

~ Wapakoneta native Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon.

~ The Wright Brothers, from Dayton, are acknowledged as inventors of the first airplane.

~ Seven United States presidents were born in Ohio. They are: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William H. Taft, and Warren G. Harding.

~ Steven Spielberg, Paul Newman, Annie Oakley, Arsenio Hall and Clark Gable were born in Ohio.

~ The first full time automobile service station was opened in 1899 in Ohio.

~ Ohio gave America its first hot dog in 1900.

~ Cleveland became the world’s first city to be lighted electrically in 1879.

~ Thomas A. Edison was from Milan.

~ Charles Goodyear of Akron developed the process of vulcanizing rubber in 1839.

~ Roy J. Plunkett of New Carlisle invented Teflon in 1938.

~ W.F. Semple of Mount Vernon patented chewing gum in 1869.

~ Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, grew up in Cleveland.

Oklahoma:

~ The world’s first installed parking meter was in Oklahoma City, on July 16, 1935.

~ Phillip H. Sheridan, George A. Custer and William T. Sherman were the founders of the USA’s main artillery fort at Fort Sill.

~ Born in 1879 on a large ranch in the Cherokee Nation near what later would become Oologah, Oklahoma, Will Rogers was first an Indian, a cowboy, and then a national figure.

~ Okmulgee owns the world record for largest pecan pie, pecan cookie, pecan brownie, and biggest ice cream and cookie party.

~ The National Cowboy Hall of Fame is located in Oklahoma City.

~ Originally Indian Territory, the state of Oklahoma was opened to settlers in a “Land Rush” in 1889.

~ Tahlequah, Oklahoma is the Tribal capital of the Cherokee Nation.

~ Bob Dunn, a musician from Beggs, invented the first electric guitar 1935.

~ Spiro Mounds, Oklahoma’s only archaeological park, is a 140-acre site encompassing 12 southern mounds that contain evidence of an Indian culture that occupied the site from 850 A.D. to 1450 A.D.

~ Country singer Garth Brooks was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma and grew up in Yukon, Oklahoma.

~ WKY Radio was the first radio station transmitting from west of the Mississippi River.

~ Belle Starr, one of the most famous women outlaws, is buried in an isolated grave southwest of Porum, Oklahoma near the Eufuala Dam.

~ Oklahoma was the setting for the movie “Twister”.

~ Clinton Riggs designed the YIELD sign. It was first used on a trial basis in Tulsa.

~ Oklahoma has more man-made lakes than any other state.

~ Oklahoma has the largest Native American population of any state in the U.S.

~ Sequoyah’s Cabin in Akins is a frontier house of logs, occupied (1829-44) by Sequoyah (George Gist), the teacher who in 1821 invented a syllabary that made it possible to read and write the Cherokee language.

Oregon:

~ Oregon has more ghost towns than any other state.

~ Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and is formed in the remains of an ancient volcano.

~ Eugene was the first city to have one-way streets.

~ At 8,000 feet deep Hells Canyon is the deepest river gorge in North America.

~ In 1905 the largest long cabin in the world was built in Portland to honor the Lewis and Clark expedition.

~ A treaty between the United States and Spain established the current southern border between Oregon and California. The treaty was signed in 1819.

~ The Oregon Trail is the longest of the overland routes used in the westward expansion of the United States.

Pennsylvania:

~ In 1909 the first baseball stadium was built in Pittsburgh.

~ Hershey is considered the Chocolate Capital of the United States.

~ In 1946 Philadelphia became home to the first computer.

~ The first daily newspaper was published in Philadelphia on Sept. 21, 1784.

~ Philadelphia is the site of the first presidential mansion.

~ Betsy Ross made the first American flag in Philadelphia.

~ Philadelphia is home to the cheesesteak sandwich.

~ The Declaration of Independence was signed in Philadelphia in 1776.

~ Philadelphia is home to the Liberty Bell.

~ Each year on Christmas day the “Crossing of the Delaware” is re-enacted at Washington Crossing.

~ Pennsylvania is the only original colony not bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.

~ Actor Jimmy Stewart was born and raised in the town of Indiana.

~ Little League Baseball’s first World Series was held in 1946 in Williamsport.

~ Philadelphia was once the United States capital city.

~ Penn Township, officially referred to as the Township of Penn, was named after the founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn.

~ Punxsutawney citizens are proud to be over shadowed by their town’s most famous resident the world-renowned weather forecasting groundhog Punxsutawney Phil.

Rhode Island:

~ Rhode Island, the smallest state in size in the United States, covers an area of 1,214 square miles. Its distances north to south are 48 miles and east to west 37 miles.

~ Rhode Island was the last of the original thirteen colonies to become a state.

~ Rhode Island never ratified the 18th Amendment, prohibition.

~ Rhode Island is home to the Tennis Hall of Fame.

~ George M. Cohan who wrote “I’m a Yankee Doodle Dandy” and “You’re a Grand Old Flag” was born in Providence in 1878.

~Rhode Island is known for making silverware and fine jewelry.

~Little Compton is home to the gravesite of the first girl born to colonists in New England. The baby was the daughter of pilgrims John and Priscilla Alden.

~The White Horse Tavern was built in 1673 and is the oldest operating tavern in the United States.

South Carolina:

~ The first battle of the Civil War took place at Fort Sumter.

~ In February 1852 William Burkhalter Dorn discovered the second richest vein of gold in SC history on the site of the present town of McCormick.

South Dakota:

~ Sculptor Gutzon Borglum began drilling into the 6,200-foot Mount Rushmore in 1927. Creation of the Shrine to Democracy took 14 years and cost a mere $1 million, though it’s now deemed priceless.

~ Jack McCall was tried, convicted and hanged two miles north of Yankton in 1877 for the shooting of Wild Bill Hickok. He is buried in an unmarked grave in the Yankton cemetery.

~ South Dakota is the home of the Dakota, Lakota and Nakota tribes, which make up the Sioux Nation.

~ Custer State Park is home to a herd of 1,500 free-roaming bison.

~ The Crazy Horse mountain carving now in progress will be the world’s largest sculpture (563′ high, 641′ long, carved in the round).

~ Badlands National Park consists of nearly 244,000 acres of sharply eroded buttes, pinnacles and spires blended with the largest, protected mixed grass prairie in the United States.

~ The name “Black Hills” comes from the Lakota words Paha Sapa, which mean “hills that are black”. Seen from a distance, these pine-covered hills, rising several thousand feet above the surrounding prairie, appear black.

~ Sturgis is home of the annual Black Hills Classic Motorcycle Rally.

~ Black Hills National Cemetery “The Arlington of the West” is a final resting place of our nation’s veterans.

~ The Prairie Rattlesnake is the only venomous snake native to South Dakota.

Tennessee:

~ Tennessee won its nickname as The Volunteer State during the War of 1812 when volunteer soldiers from Tennessee displayed marked valor in the Battle of New Orleans.

~ There were more National Guard soldiers deployed from Tennessee for the Gulf War effort than any other state.

~ The only person in American history to be both an Admiral in the Navy and a General in the Army was Samuel Powhatan Carter who was born in Elizabethton.

~ Davy Crockett was born on the banks of Limestone Creek near Greeneville where a replica of the Crockett’s log cabin stands today.

~ The legendary railroad engineer Casey Jones, who was killed when his train crashed on April 30, 1900, lived in Jackson.

~ Elvis Presley’s home called Graceland is located in Memphis. Graceland is the second most visited house in the country.

~ Tennessee was the last state to secede from the Union during the Civil War and the first state to be readmitted after the war.

~ The National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis is at the Lorraine Motel where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was slain in 1968.

~ Tennessee ranks number one among other states in the total number of soldiers who fought in the War Between the States.

~ Dolly Parton is a native of Sevierville.

~ Coca-Cola was first bottled in 1899 at a plant on Patten Parkway in downtown Chattanooga after two local attorneys purchased the bottling rights to the drink for $l.00.

Texas:

~ The Alamo, located in San Antonio where Texas defenders fell to Mexican General Santa Anna and the phrase ‘Remember the Alamo’ originated, is considered the cradle of Texas liberty and the state’s most popular historic site.

~ Texas is the only state to have the flags of 6 different nations fly over it. They are: Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederate States, and the United States.

~ More wool comes from the state of Texas than any other state in the United States.

~ Texas is the only state to enter the United States by treaty instead of territorial annexation. It was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845.

~ Texas boasts the nation’s largest herd of whitetail deer.

~ The first offensive action of the Texas Revolution occurred in Goliad on October 9, 1835 when local colonists captured the fort and town.  On December 20, 1835 the first Declaration of Texas Independence was signed in Goliad and the first flag of Texas Independence was hoisted.

~ The worst natural disaster in United States history was caused by a hurricane that hit Galveston in 1900. Over 8000 deaths were recorded.

~ The Heisman trophy is named for John William Heisman the first full-time coach and athletic director at Rice University in Houston.

Utah:

~ Completion of the world’s first transcontinental railroad was celebrated at Promontory where the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads met on May 10, 1869. It is now known as Golden Spike National Historic Site.

~ The Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City took 40 years to complete.

~ Rainbow Bridge, Nature’s abstract sculpture carved of solid sandstone, is the world’s largest natural-rock span. It stands 278 feet wide and 309 feet high.

~ The Great Salt Lake covers 2,100 square miles, with an average depth of 13 feet. The deepest point is 34 feet.  It is 75 miles long and 35 miles wide, and covers more than a million acres.

~ Utah has five national parks: Arches, Canyonlands, Zion, Bryce and Capitol Reef.

~ Kanab is known as Utah’s Little Hollywood because of the large number of motion pictures that are filmed in the area.

~ Beaver is the birthplace of Butch Cassidy, the notorious western outlaw.

~ The federal government owns 65% of the state’s land.

~ The television series “Touched by an Angel” was filmed in Utah.

Vermont:

~ Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution.

~ In ratio of cows to people, Vermont has the greatest number of dairy cows in the country.

~ Montpelier, Is the largest producer of maple syrup in the U.S.

~ Until 1996, Vermont was the only state without a Wal-Mart.

~ U.S. President Calvin Coolidge was the only president born on the fourth of July. He was born in Plymouth July 4, 1872.

Virginia:

~ Virginia was named for England’s “Virgin Queen,” Elizabeth I.

~ Jamestown was the first English settlement in the U.S. It was also the first capital of Virginia.

~ Arlington County was originally part of the ten-mile square parcel of land surveyed in 1791 to be part of Washington, DC. The U.S. Congress returned that portion of the land to the “Commonwealth of Virginia” following a referendum among its citizens.

~ Eight United States Presidents were born in Virginia: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, William Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, and Woodrow Wilson.

~ Six Presidents’ wives were born in Virginia: Martha Washington, Martha Jefferson, Rachel Jackson, Letitia Tyler, Ellen Arthur, Edith Wilson.

~ Seven Presidents are buried in Virginia: Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Tyler, Taft and Kennedy.

~ The present state capital in Richmond was also the capital of the Confederacy.

~ The first peanuts grown in the United States were grown in Virginia.

~ The Blue Ridge Mountains are located in Virginia.

~ The American Revolution ended with the surrender of Cornwallis in Yorktown.

~ The states of Kentucky & West Virginia were formed from sections of the state of Virginia.

~ Over 1/2 the battles fought in the civil war were fought in Virginia. Over 2,200 of the 4,000 battles.

~ Virginia is the home base for the United States Navy’s Atlantic Fleet.

~ The Pentagon building in Arlington is the largest office building in the world.   It has nearly 68,000 miles of internal telephone lines.

~ Patrick Henry made his “Give me Liberty or Give me Death” speech in St. John’s Church in Richmond.

~ Waynesboro was the site of the last major battle of the Civil War in central Virginia, the Battle of Waynesboro in 1865 between Generals Jubal Early and Philip Sheridan.

Washington:

~ The state of Washington is the only state to be named after a United States president.

~ Washington State produces more apples than any other state in the union.

~ Washington State has more glaciers than the other 47 contiguous states combined.

~ The highest point in Washington is Mount Rainier. It was named after Peter Rainier, a British soldier who fought against the Americans in the Revolutionary War.

~ Starbucks, the biggest coffee chain, was founded in Seattle.

~ Puget Sound’s many islands are served by the largest ferry fleet in the United States.

~ The Lewis and Clark expedition entered the state on October 10, 1805.

~ In 1980, the northeast face of Mount St. Helens exploded outward, destroying a large part of the top of the volcano.

West Virginia:

~ West Virginia is the only state in the Union to have acquired its sovereignty by proclamation of the President of the United States.

~ West Virginia is considered the southern-most northern state and the northern-most southern state.

~ The first state sales tax in the United States went into effect in West Virginia on July 1, 1921.

~ Nearly 75% of West Virginia is covered by forests.

~ 15% of the nation’s total coal production comes from West Virginia.

~ West Virginia has a mean altitude of 1,500 feet, giving it the highest average altitude east of the Mississippi.

~ Daniel Boone made his last survey of Charleston on September 8, 1798. He left the state in 1799.

~ Chester Merriman of Romney was the youngest soldier of World War I, having enlisted at the age of 14.

Wisconsin:

~ The first practical typewriter was designed in Milwaukee in 1867.

~ Wisconsin is the dairy capital of the United States.  It produces more milk than any other state.

~ Frank Lloyd Wright was born in Richland Center on June 8, 1867.

~ Milwaukee is home of Harley Davidson Motorcycles.

~ The Republican Party was founded in Ripon in 1854.

~ Monroe is the Swiss Cheese Capital of the World.

~ Famous Wisconsinites include:  Magician/escape artist Harry Houdini; WWII General Douglas MacArthur; Architect Frank Lloyd Wright; and U.S. Supreme Court Justice William H. Rehnquist.

~ Eagle River is known as the Snowmobile Capital of the World.

~ Green Bay is the Toilet Paper Capital of the World.

Wyoming:

~ Wyoming was the first state to give women the right to vote.

~ Yellowstone is the first official National Park (1872). The majority of Yellowstone Park lies within the boundaries of Wyoming.

~ Devils Tower was designated as the first National Monument (1906).

~ The J.C. Penney stores were started in Kemmerer.

~ The first Dude Ranch in Wyoming was the Eaton Ranch, near Wolf. The Eaton’s also came up with the term “dude”.

~ The Horse on the Wyoming license plate has a name, “Old Steamboat”. It is named after a horse that could not be ridden.

~ Wyoming has the lowest population of all 50 United States.

~ Cody, Wyoming is named after William “Buffalo Bill” Cody.

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Legal weed sales bring long lines to Colorado

marijuanaBy Associated Press       

Long lines and blustery winter weather greeted Colorado marijuana shoppers

testing the nation’s first legal recreational pot shops Wednesday.

It was hard to tell from talking to the shoppers, however, that they had waited hours in snow and frigid wind.

“It’s a huge deal for me,” said Andre Barr, a 34-year-old deliveryman who drove from Niles, Mich., to be part of the legal weed experiment. “This wait is nothing.”

The world was watching as Colorado unveiled the modern world’s first fully legal marijuana industry – no doctor’s note required (as in 18 states and Washington, D.C.) and no unregulated production of the drug (as in the Netherlands). Uruguay has fully legalized pot but hasn’t yet set up its system.

Colorado had 24 shops open Wednesday, most of them in Denver, and aside from long lines and sporadic reports of shoppers cited for smoking pot in public, there were few problems.

“Everything’s gone pretty smoothly,” said Barbara Brohl, Colorado’s top marijuana regular as head of the Department of Revenue.

The agency sent its new marijuana inspectors to recreational shops to monitor sales and make sure sellers understood the state’s new marijuana-tracking inventory system meant to keep legal pot out of the black market.

Denver International Airport erected signs warning travelers that they could not take marijuana home with them.

Keeping pot within Colorado’s regulated system and within the state’s borders are among requirements the U.S. Department of Justice has laid out to avoid a clampdown under federal law, which still outlaws the drug.

The other state that has legalizes recreational pot, Washington, will face the same restrictions when its retail shops start operating, expected by late spring.

The states’ retail experiments are crucial tests of whether marijuana can be sold like alcohol, kept from children and highly taxed, or whether pot proves too harmful to public health and safety for legalization experiments to expand elsewhere.

“This feels like freedom at last,” said Amy Reynolds, owner of two Colorado Springs medical pot shops. Reynolds came to Denver to toast the dawn of pot sales for recreational use. “It’s a plant, it’s harmless, and now anyone over 21 can buy it if they want to. Beautiful.”

Marijuana skeptics, of course, watched in alarm. They warned that the celebratory vibe in Colorado masked dangerous consequences. Wider marijuana availability, they say, would lead to greater illegal use by youth, and possibly more traffic accidents and addiction problems.

“It’s not just a benign recreational drug that we don’t have to worry about,” said Dr. Paula Riggs, head of the Division of Substance Dependence at the University of Colorado-Denver medical campus.

The only problems reported Wednesday, though, were long lines and high prices. Some shops raised prices or reduced purchasing limits as the day went on. One pot shop closed early because of tight supply. Some shoppers complained they were paying three times more than they were used to.

Colorado has no statewide pricing structure, and by mid-afternoon, one dispensary was charging $70 for one-eighth of an ounce of high-quality pot. Medical marijuana patients just a day earlier paid as little as $25 for the same amount.

Medical pot users worried they’d be priced out of the market. Colorado’s recreational pot inventory came entirely from the drug’s supply for medical uses.

“We hope that the focus on recreational doesn’t take the focus away from patients who really need this medicine,” said Laura Kriho of the patient advocacy group Cannabis Therapy Institute.

Colorado has hundreds of pending applications for recreational pot retailers, growers and processors. So it’s too soon to say how prices would change more people enter the business, increasing supply and competition.

Shoppers waiting in line Wednesday didn’t seem fazed by the wait, the prices, or the state and local taxes that totaled more than 25 percent.  “This is quality stuff in a real store.  Not the Mexican brick weed we’re used to back in Ohio”, said Brandon Harris who drove from Blanchester, Ohio.

Other information you need to know (courtesy of KUSA-TV Denver)

*Who can buy marijuana under Colorado law?  Colorado residents 21 and up can buy one ounce of weed. If you’re from out-of-state, only a quarter of an ounce can be purchased.

*Where can you buy marijuana?  Only nine municipalities and seven counties will allow retail sales. Denver is among them. The city issued a total of 34 retail marijuana business licenses.

 *How much will it cost?  The system will be regulated, taxed and distributed similarly to alcohol.

*Is the personal sale of marijuana under the new law legal?  Selling marijuana (in any form) without a license remains illegal. An adult over the age of 21 is only allowed to sell marijuana with the appropriate license to 21 and up.  Sharing is allowed, as long as it’s less than an ounce and no money exchanges hands.

*Where can you use marijuana?  Amendment 64 does not permit the consumption of marijuana that is conducted openly and publicly. It must be done at home. Under the law it is permitted to consume marijuana on private property unless prohibited by the property owner. Employers can restrict the use of marijuana by employees.

Denver International Airport posted signs letting travelers know it’s illegal to use, carry or transport pot at the airport. A civil penalty from the airport could cost up to a thousand dollars and law enforcement would decide on criminal charges.

*Can you consume marijuana at social clubs and coffee shops?  No, these businesses are not permitted.

*Can you use marijuana at ski resorts?  No, people who smoke in lift lines or on the slopes will be prosecuted. Forest Service officials say the citation costs a minimum of $250.

*What are the marijuana DUI Laws?  Driving under the influence of marijuana will remain illegal. You are also not allowed to smoke while driving. Anyone with five nanograms or more of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (known as THC) per milliliter in whole blood while driving can be arrested for DUI.  The blood test is designed to tell how high a person is at the moment, not whether they have been using pot in the last several days or weeks, like urine tests used by some employers.  The blood test measures active THC in the blood stream, while the urine tests measure a metabolite of THC, the form it takes after being broken down by the human body.  Colorado law allows drivers to refuse the blood test. However, that comes with harsher penalties than a DUI.

*Can you have marijuana in your car?  Yes, it may be carried but not in an open container and cannot cross state borders. It is illegal to use it in your car.

*Does Amendment 64 change existing medical marijuana rules?  The amendment does not change the existing regulations for medical marijuana.

*What are the consequences if you violate the marijuana law?  Anything from a fine to possible jail or prison sentence depending on the violation. School, universities, employers are allowed to put their own disciplinary actions into place.

* Information provided by the state of Colorado

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